Achilles tendonitis or inflammation of the Achilles tendon occurs when it is under too much tension. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, and is located on the rear side of the lower leg of the person. This is the largest tendon in the body and is able to withstand great force, but is still susceptible to injury.
Tendonitis is usually the result of hard work, high impact physical exercises, such as Jogging. If you ignore tendonitis, you can get a tendon rupture, so it is important to know about effective treatment. Sometimes treatment can be as simple as obtaining or changing exercise. However, in more severe cases may require surgical intervention.
What are the signs and symptoms of Achilles tendonitis?
The most typical symptom of tendinitis is gradually increasing pain that is getting worse with time. Other possible signs and symptoms of Achilles tendonitis include:
in the Achilles tendon felt pain for a few centimeters above;
- legs felt slow and weak;
- slight pain in the rear surface of the tibia, which appears after running or playing sports;
- Achilles tendon swells or becomes landforms;
- Achilles tendon squeaks when touched or moved.
Please note that these symptoms, and the like, can occur in other conditions, so for an accurate diagnosis, the patient must visit your doctor.
What are the complications of tendinitis?
The main complication of Achilles tendonitis is Achilles tendinosis. Achilles tendinosis is a degenerative condition in which the tendon structure changes and becomes susceptible to serious damage. This can lead to tendon rupture, causing severe pain.
How to treat Achilles tendonitis?
The methods used for the treatment of Achilles tendonitis include:
1) ice Packs primeneuiya on the tendon, after a workout, they can relieve pain and inflammation.
2) gives the tissue time to heal the injury. Type of stay depends on the severity of symptoms. In mild cases of Achilles tendonitis is a lower intensity workout, in severe cases, complete rest for several days or weeks.
3) Pain - steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen can reduce pain and swelling. If you suffer from asthma, kidney disease or liver disease, do not take NSAIDs without prior consultation with your doctor.
4) Steroid injections to reduce the swelling of the tendon, but should be undertaken with caution, as this process is associated with greater risk of tendon ruptures. The doctor will probably perform the injections when scanning region using ultrasound to reduce this risk.
Read also: Curry treats tendonitis
5) Surgery - as mentioned previously, the operation is performed in case of serious damage to tendon (Achilles tendinosis). It may also be necessary if the patient has recurring Achilles tendonitis and ongoing inflammation caused by the rupture of the tendons. The doctor may also resort to surgery, when several of the above methods of treatment have been unsuccessful.