More than 60-80% of cases in the spread of viral hepatitis C is a chronic process. Therefore the problem of the consequences of this disease so relevant. The disease occurs in different ways, usually acute hepatitis b and other types of hepatitis is complete recovery within 6 months. If the disease is present more than half the year, then we can talk about chronic hepatitis.
Immediately after the ingestion of the virus of hepatitis from 10 to 200 days incubation period lasts. Depending on the number of conditions it can be lengthened or shortened.
Then comes the acute phase of infection, the symptoms of which can be quite severe and can develop at lightning speed. In some cases this even leads to the death of the patient.
If this does not happen elimination of the virus from the body, develops chronic hepatitis. This is the most typical for hepatitis C, to a lesser extent for hepatitis B. this disease duration is more than 6 months. This process largely depends on the state of the immune system, however, it is impossible to say for sure that a patient will come chronization of the pathological process in the liver.
For hepatitis C is characterized by long chronic course. Over a long time, the patient may not experience any symptoms of liver disease, but this does not mean that the virus in the body, has lost its activity. No matter what, at this time seriously increases the risk of development of serious complications.
The greatest danger is the development of very severe fulminant form of the disease, which leads to decompensation of the patient and his death. However, this complication is rare and accounts for only 1% of all cases a and b form of hepatitis.
In the outcome of hepatitis also can develop cirrhosis of the liver leading to decompensation of vital functions of the body. This complication is typical for 20% of patients with hepatitis. Additionally, often the appearance of neoplastic diseases of the liver tissue. Hepatocellular carcinoma along with cirrhosis of the liver are among the most common indications for transplantation. In 15-20% of patients die from the effects of long-term trends of viral hepatitis.
Chronic carriers of the virus, they say, when clinical symptoms of hepatitis C are absent, but in the blood are determined markers of viral infection. While the carrier of the disease becomes contagious, because it becomes a source of infection to others.
The consequences of chronic hepatitis included in the ten most common causes of death among residents of developing countries male.