The disease affects approximately 25-30% of women of childbearing age. Accompanied by the formation of tumors directly in the uterus. Often, the tumor occurs in the soil hormonal failure, with a clear relationship with the level of estrogen in the blood. The causes of the disease are not fully in medicine has not been studied. But medical scientists conduct parallel with such factors as:
• genetic predisposition;
• impaired production of sex hormones;• diseases of the ovaries; • chronic inflammation of the female reproductive system;• the presence in the past, damage to the inner layer of the uterus in consequence of the abortion;• traumatic childbirth;• the use of intrauterine devices.
Also, the appearance of fibroids predisposed women suffering from obesity, diseases of the endocrine glands exposed to prolonged stress and hard physical labor.
• the number and location of sites in relation to the wall of the uterus;• disruption to adjacent organs;• the growth rate;• the age of the woman
Quite often, fibroids are asymptomatic and detected incidentally during examination by a gynecologist. In the case of asymptomatic and slow-growing fibroids monitored by a gynecologist (usually semiannually). This is especially important in the case, if a woman is approaching menopause because the tumor is hormone-dependent and decreases with decreasing level of estrogen in the blood.
Modern methods of treatment:
• Surgical technique, i.e., removal of fibroids, the method based on the use of low-impact endoscopic methods of removal of the tumor sites (laparoscopy and hysteroscopy). • Inna method is the complete removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) is shown with the rapid tumor growth and large size of the tumor.
Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment with uterine allow to successfully avoid such serious consequences, such as infertility and malignant transformation of the tumor.