Uterine fibroid - causes, symptoms and prevention

Uterine fibroids - a disease of the female reproductive system, characterized by a benign tumor formed in the muscle walls of the uterus. Every second woman after 30 years at risk of developing the disease, so you need regular visits to the gynecologist, because fibroids can go into a malignant tumor (sarcoma of the uterus).

Causes of

The formation of uterine fibroids may be due to hormonal imbalance, inflammation in the pelvis, excessive UV exposure (excessive tanning in the Solarium) , frequent childbirth, abortion and immunity disorders. Smoking can also cause the formation of fibroids.

Symptoms

At the initial stage of uterine fibroids symptoms are practically absent. Along with the growth of the tumor arises abdominal pain, painful menstruation that lasts for quite a long time and accompanied by the discharge with blood clots. Such menstrual cycles exhaust the woman, and can lead to severe anemia. Upon reaching myomatous nodes of a large size may frequent urination, constipation and obesity.

Diagnosis of uterine fibroids

Detection of uterine fibroids occurs during gynecological examination. Gynecologist explores the pelvis and determines whether increased uterus. To confirm the diagnosis, a doctor appointed ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity. The fibroids can be diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography.

Treatment

To determine how the treatment of the following factors: the size and type of tumor, age of the patient; the severity of symptoms.

In modern gynecology provides for the treatment of non-interference, when the patient visits the gynecologist (not less than 3 times per month), with the aim of instrumental and laboratory examination, and so on until the menopausal period until regresses fibroids.

Most often doctors used medication to suppress the growth of fibroids or completely get rid of it, use of hormonal drugs.

With the rapid growth of fibroids up to size 12-week pregnancy, severe pain, suspected transition fibroids in malignant tumors require surgical intervention.

The decision for surgery is quite complicated, because of the removal of the uterus, which will affect the lives of young and nulliparous women. For these women provided by sparing intervention, and the use of such techniques as: myomectomy and uterine artery embolization.

Prevention:

gynecologist visit 2 times a year;

laboratory examination of the pelvic organs once a year;

regular sexual life with the achievement of sexual satisfaction (orgasm);

the use of vitamins and minerals with antioxidant properties ( vitamins a, C, E, iodine, iron, selenium, zinc;

the use of modern hormonal contraceptive drugs, refusal of abortion.

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