Some viruses infect the human liver, causing inflammation and infectious hepatitis. But the most dangerous among them believe hepatitis C. It often causes a chronic form of the disease, which in some years can lead to the development of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Statistics from the world health organization says that there are about 150 million people suffer from hepatitis C in chronic form, and each year more than 350,000 people die from diseases associated with it. The vaccine causes the immune system to the virus have not been created yet, so the main measures to combat this disease - infection prevention and timely treatment.
Infected with hepatitis C, mainly in the manipulations connected with blood (transfusion of blood containing the virus, the injection of sterile syringes), and sexually. This infection is passed from mother to newborn in about 5% of cases.
The incubation period for this disease is difficult to determine, because the disease usually becomes chronic, without pronounced symptoms. It lasts from 14 days to 6 months, followed by lethargy, loss of appetite, indigestion, joint pain. Yellow skin and dark urine, characteristic for hepatitis a and b, in this case, there are not always.
Due to the fact that symptoms usually appear weak, and the disease takes a chronic course with occasional exacerbations, diagnosed with hepatitis C often accidentally, as a concomitant disease. Blood detect the presence of specific antibodies that bind to the hepatitis C virus, which does not necessarily indicate disease, but only in contact with the virus. To determine the state of the liver and the need for further treatment, conduct its fibromyalagia and FibroTest to detect malfunctions. Only after determining the genotype of the virus, the doctor can say about the need for treatment and to name his terms.
Having done all the necessary tests, the doctor starts the treatment of hepatitis C, which can last from several months to one year or more. All this time the patient will have to follow the diet and to comply with the prescription, and to undergo periodic surveys to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. The most effective is now considered to be the combination of two drugs, pegylated α-interferon and ribavirin. This combined treatment lasts at least 6 months. In some clinics it is possible to reduce the treatment to several weeks, combining antiviral drugs with immunomodulators and hepatoprotectors.
Recently, the method of treatment by pulsed laser radiation on the skin in the liver. To reduce the concentration of virus in the blood could also intravenous laser irradiation of blood. However, these methods still are experimental and can be used in conjunction with the treatment with the antiviral drugs.