Cystitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. This disease is quite widespread, but often affects women, as this has the anatomical structure of the urinary tract.
Cystitis, depending on the stage of occurrence, can be chronic or acute. Depending on the current primary or secondary. In accordance with the nature of the changes of mucosal ulcerative, hemorrhagic, catarrhal, etc.
More at risk of this disease affected women. Their urethra is short and direct. Infection is a bottom-up fashion from the genitals gets to the bladder in the case of a candidiasis within a few hours. It can cause bacteria (Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus), viruses, and protozoa (chlamydia, Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma). In addition to ascending infection, are of great importance inflammation of the organs related to small pelvis, - parametritis, endometritis, oophoritis, etc. Through the lymphatic vessels, the infection gets into the bladder and cause inflammation of the mucous membrane.
In addition to rising, there is a downward route of infection, which is accompanied by bacteriuria in the case of long-standing pyelonephritis. Cystitis often accompanies kidney stones, stones permanently irritate mucous membranes, creating a favorable environment in which inflammation.
To treat cystitis need to destroy infectious agents, as well as to create favorable conditions for mucous. If the disease occurs again in the presence of other pathologies, it is necessary to treat them.
The pathogen is detected in the urine is common and bacterial inoculation. Determine the sensitivity to the effects of antibiotics and prescribe appropriate treatment. In addition, assigned uroseptics drugs pharmacy forms or diuretic herbs in training camp. To reduce the irritation of the mucous membrane of the bladder, as well as to accelerate their healing, should drink plenty of liquids, such as herbal teas (diuretics) or mineral water (alkaline). In the case of pronounced pain syndrome can prescribe analgesics and antispasmodics, pain reduce sedentary warm baths with herbs and warm up the suprapubic area warmer. Usually after 3 or 4 days of treatment of cystitis in the acute form becomes much easier, the pain disappear along with frequent urination. The total duration of treatment may be 7-10 days and depends on how severe is the disease.
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In the case of the presence of stones in the bladder or kidneys urologist is assigned therapy or remove stones. To cure urolithiasis cystitis can be repeated, it becomes chronic. Prolonged treatment can lead to chronic pyelonephritis and inflammation of the pelvic organs.