Modern dentistry has a wide range of types of dental implants to restore the natural beauty of the dentition. In this article we will briefly discuss all kinds of implantation.
Implantation of endodont-endosseous
Is this type of dental implants only when the patient is mobile and has severely damaged teeth. While in the jaw bone through the root of the tooth is inserted dental implant in the form of a pin, a screw or a patterned surface.
It is a must - around to the top of the tooth was available for a healthy periodontium, at least three millimeters.
If the tooth is still alive pulp, endodont-endosseous implantation is usually performed in one stage, but there are cases when it is necessary to first put the seal on the root canal of the tooth, and only a couple of weeks to implantation.
The endosseous implantation (intraosseous)
This method of implantation involves entering the root portion of the implant in the bone tissue of the jaw. It should be noted that this type of tooth implantation is currently the most popular and effective.
This endosseous implant consists of 3 segments: intraosseous segment, which is embedded in the jaw bone, cervical segment at the level of the mucous membrane of the gums and the segment of the implant above the gum (or abutment).
Subperiosteally the subperiosteal implant is installed. The periosteum is a dense membrane covering the bones, including the jaw bone. This subperiosteally implant is a frame from the base is made of metal in the mouth is a "reference design". Subperiosteally implant make the impression is taken with the jaw bone, and then it is placed under the periosteum.
Such implantation is used only when endosseous implantation for one reason or another is impossible.
The implantation of nutritionista
This type of implant is used when you want to improve the prosthesis attachment, if the upper jaw is observed atrophy of the alveolar ridge. This can be seen when the hard palate has a defect development. Such implants are similar in appearance to the tabs mushroom shape. They imposition of the prosthesis in the mucosa are done deepening.
The transosseous implants
Transosseous implants used in severe atrophy of the mandibular bone. During surgery on the lower jaw extraoral access put arcuate bracket. Then installed two implants (pins), passing through the clamp and the jaw bone, and implanty-pins are in the mouth, thanks to them and is fixed dentures.
Implantation and its types
In fact, how and when to carry out the installation of dental implants, determine the implantation procedure, which is as:
Implantation technique one-step
This technique is characterized by the fact that use so-called non-separable implant. It is installed already formed in the jaw bone bed. Installing the prosthesis in the first post-operative days.
The two-step method
Characterized by the fact that in the bed of the jaw bone is placed in the root portion of the implant, and then the mucosa sutured over it, and denture tooth set after two or three months from the day of the operation (lower jaw) and after 4-6 months (upper jaw).
This procedure is carried out during the removal of the tooth in the alveolar well. Because there is a mismatch of the dental implant to the size of the tooth. This implantation is effective for two-stage implantation technique, when conducting a "preliminary" healing the root segment of the dental implant.
Implantation is delayed
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Here the installation of the implant carried out only after full conversion of the bone tissue in the area of tooth removal. For this procedure you need about 8-9 months.