The thyroid gland, or vernacular, thyroid - symmetric body consisting of right and left lobes and isthmus. The mass of the body, the size of the share depends on sex and age. Normal thyroid gland is called euthyroid. Throughout life, the hormones affect all the functions and systems of the body. Deficiency of hormones in childhood leads to stunted growth, is a common cause of bone disease. The lack of hormones during pregnancy increases the risk of underdevelopment of the brain of the fetus. Hormones of the thyroid and determine the body's defenses - the immune system.
Thyroid disease divided into 3 groups:
1. Diseases with increased secretion of hormones hyperthyroidism
2. Diseases with reduced synthesis of hormones hypothyroidism
3. Disease without altering the functional activity, but with the morphological changes in the structure of the body (the formation of goiter, hyperplasia, nodes, and so on)
Hypothyroidism occurs on 1000 women at 19, and men is 1 of 1000. Symptoms develop slowly, often are not specific or non-existent. In such a case often occurs wrong diagnosis and wrong treatment.
Modern diagnostics of thyroid diseases includes computed tomography, thermography, scintigraphy, ultrasonography of the thyroid gland. The most informative laboratory method is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a standard test kit.
Treatment of hormonal disorders in the thyroid gland - effects of Hyper - and hypothyroidism is usually done by using drugs drugs. Morphological changes in the structure of the body are resolved by surgical intervention (resection, total thyroidectomy).
The standard treatment for thyroid problems is the use of drugs: triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and their combinations and complexes with inorganic iodine. This medication jodthyrox, tireotom, thyreocomb, which make up for the lack of own hormones thyroid and assigned, as a rule, the patient for life. This so-called substitutive hormonal therapy (HRT). The method has the disadvantage of inhibiting its own synthesis of thyroid hormones, the patient falls depending on the therapy and can no longer live without tablets. Less frequently encountered side effects of HRT: allergic reactions, heart disorder, nervous disorder.
The second direction of the treatment of diseases of the thyroid using thyreostatics. This means that violate the formation of thyroid hormones or releasing them into the blood. The most commonly used:
- tyrosol, mercazole derivatives thiamazole
- propinyl and some other derivatives thiouracil
Read also: The main causes of hypothyroidism
Be aware that after treatment thyreostatics thyroid tissue thyroid atrophy, in the future, the patient is forced to go on HRT.