At the moment patients are 163 people, of which 12 are tourists, says Xinhua. The pan American health organization reports that victims provide appropriate and timely medical care, most patients have a positive trend in the course of the disease and are on the mend. The source of bacteria is not yet discovered.
Cholera is called an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium V. cholerae. As a rule, it is transmitted by the fecal-oral route through the water and causes severe dehydration with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. Without adequate treatment of the people is rapidly losing fluid, which leads to a sharp pressure drop and death.
Real case of outbreaks recorded in Havana and Santiago de Cuba, says the official report of 23 August. Suffered not only Cubans but also a group of tourists from Europe.
For more than 50 years in Cuba was not cholera. The last outbreak was in 1959. The outbreak in August is not the first, Eastern province are experiencing problems with the spread of V. cholerae since the summer of 2012. At that time it was considered more than four hundred people, killing three.
The vast majority of uses for drinking water from a Central water system, which is safe epidemic. A possible source might be some wells, the water of which is treated. At the moment services are trying to find a specific source of contamination. Until as prevention increased from chlorine in water systems Central water supply.
Cholera is a terrible disease that develops when the multiplication of V. cholerae in the lumen of the intestine of man. In this case the patient experiences severe diarrhoea, vomiting, rapidly loses fluid and electrolytes. This leads to acute dehydration, hypovolemia, renal failure, leading to death.