The effects of menopause

In the fertile period of a woman is protected from many diseases hormonal background. Menopause in women - satellite exacerbation of a number of dangerous diseases on the background of the changing hormonal levels. Of them the most common is osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.

Osteoporosis is a decrease in the quality of bone tissue, leading to increased risk of fractures. Bone density in women usually begins to counteract the fourth top ten, however, the normal rate of decline in bone density accelerated during menopause. Age together with hormonal changes cause osteoporosis.

The development of the disease can last for decades, women may not be aware of osteoporosis before the first fracture, which developed the disease can be serious, even at normal incidence.

Treatment of osteoporosis

The goal of treatment of this disease is prevention of fractures, slow bone loss and increase bone density. Early diagnosis and timely treatment of the disease reduces the risk of fractures in the future, however, none of the currently available methods of treatment does not relieve osteoporosis fully.

Preventive measures for the treatment of osteoporosis:

Changes in lifestyle: stop bad habits, regular exercise, balanced diet with vitamin D and calcium.

If you do not consume adequate amounts of these elements from food, should turn to supplements with vitamin D and calcium.

The use of stop bone loss medications, here is a small list of similar drugs of teriparatide (Forteo), alendronate (Fosamax), calcitonin (Calcimar), risedronate (Actonel), raloxifene (Evista), ibandronate (Boniva).

Cardiovascular disease

Before menopause, women is the group reduced the risk of heart disease and stroke compared with men. However, during menopause the risk of cardiovascular disease among women is increasing, this may be as a result of lower levels of estrogen and as a consequence of other factors. In postmenopausal women the recommended hormonal therapy to prevent stroke or heart attack.

Read all about menopause.

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