The development of emotions in children

Emotions accompany us all the way of life: from birth to death. Moreover, it is proved that the first emotional responses occur during pregnancy. Five-or six-month fetus is already present reactions of pleasure-displeasure. But seriously consider the development of emotions in children is still from the moment of their birth.

Newborn, infancy, with up to 12-14 3-4 years, the formation of the higher emotions (up to 22 years).

At the first stage of the development of emotions in children is reduced to the predominance of instincts, on the basis of which begin to form basic emotions. For the newborn is characterized by the experience of negative emotions as a response to the negative impact of factors internal and external environment, for example, cold, flatulence. Accompanied by emotions scream and cry to attract the attention of the mother to correct the problem that caused the discomfort. You can argue that from the first days of life the baby's face often seen smiling. Alas, this is a knee-jerk reaction, reflecting the influence of the events of the external world, smile for the first time occurs after a few weeks. Another important event in the second stage is "revitalizing complex" motor reaction, which is accompanied by a smile when adults.

For infancy characterized by emotions based on feelings pleasant, unpleasant, pleasure-displeasure. Under the influence of these feelings gradual formation of the relationship of the baby to relatives.

At the third stage there is a gradual development epicaricacy (cortical) emotions. Gradually the mandatory link between the emotions of the children and some organic needs, emotional sphere is moving to a higher level of functioning.

The fourth stage is characterized by the formation of the higher emotions. People have the ability to control an external manifestations of emotions, feelings become subject to reason and common sense.

It should be noted that the same events evoke completely different emotions in children in different years of life. For example, the newborn receding face mother will not cause any trouble, the older child will actively protest this fact, and the teenager can do to please the prospect of staying at home alone. Take a manifestation of fear. The kid will flee to seek protection in adults, but the emotions children will bear a different color. The flight is already associated with something shameful, so the adolescent or attempts to take a more advantageous position, or ignores the threat.

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