Zabolevania blood vessels occurs due to age-related wear and tear of vessels, nicotine exposure, malnutrition. Atherosclerosis affects mainly the large blood vessels and often leads to premature death.
In this disease the blood vessels cholesterol accumulates, there is the so-called atherosclerotic plaque. It narrows the lumen, slowing the blood flow. At risk are often people aged 40-45 years, men-3 times more than women.
It is very difficult to detect atherosclerosis, so it is recommended to periodically check the level of cholesterol in the blood, see your doctor. And when the first symptoms of the disease not to be afraid to do MRI vessels to obtain an accurate diagnosis.
Few years, the disease goes unnoticed and may not show any symptoms. However, after the first symptoms of atherosclerosis of arteries of the lower extremities, often rapid progression. Join the wall of the vessel thrombosis can also cause heightened atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the legs may occur in intermittent claudication, pain in the calf muscles, which disappear after a rest. Pain and lameness may increase during climbing stairs. Additionally, you may increase the sensitivity of the skin of the feet to cold, to experience numbness in the muscles.
Localized pain in the legs and gluteal muscles can be a symptom of atherosclerotic lesions of the iliac arteries and the abdominal aorta. In the later stages of the disease the skin of the foot becomes bluish purple color. Trophic disorders causing disruption of nail growth, hair loss. You may experience other symptoms, which certainly need to tell the doctor.
Often the first sign of this disease is stroke. However, until then, you may experience temporary symptoms:
the inability to control movement in the limbs;
tingling, numbness or weakness in the left or right half of the body;
partial loss of vision;
inability to speak clearly.
Brachycephalidae arteries located at the base of the brain and form a vicious circle of blood (Wallisii circle). They are responsible for the uniform distribution of blood to all parts of the brain. A variety of vascular diseases affect the functioning of the brain.
The most common complaint of patients is dizziness, which occurs if a person abruptly turns his head. This is due to unnatural redistribution of blood in the direction of the right shoulder girdle.
Chest pain, angina, heart attacks, heart failure may be symptomatic atherosclerotic disease of the coronary arteries. Before the onset of a heart attack half of the patients complain of angina, but do not pay attention to this symptom, which can lead to a fatal outcome.
Stenosis is a narrowing of the arteries. Symptoms of stenosis of cerebral vessels and vessels of the neck are manifested at later stages of the disease. People may not see the disease before the first ischemic attacks (violation of brain blood flow) or stroke.
Read also: Atherosclerosis
Doctors recommend regular preventive examination of the body. And at the slightest sign of disease, contact the center for magnetic resonance imaging mrt24.ru in Moscow for painless accurate diagnosis.