One of the most ancient diseases, the name of which many may have encountered in the historical books, is gout. A huge gout fell in the middle Ages, when the disease is considered a disease of the rich and the nobility, which in large quantities ate a lot of meat, fatty fish, and drank a lot of wine and other alcoholic beverages. Among the celebrities who suffered from gout, you can call monarchs of Charles the Fifth, and of Henry the Eighth, and Michelangelo.
However, despite the obvious conclusion that gout should be treated, first and foremost, diet, before this method was thought only much later, while the main method of treatment was bloodletting. The essence of the disease is a metabolic disorder. Due to kidney failure go increased formation of uric acid in people suffering from gout, there is an increased content. As a result, the human body of excess uric acid forms a crystalline particles that settle to form deposits in the tissues, which are not sufficiently supplied with blood - joints, cartilage and tendons. Such crystals are trying to fight a protective white blood cells, but die as a result of this struggle, resulting in severe inflammation. This inflammation is called gout attack.
There are several risk factors that contribute to the development of gout in the body. First, it is a genetic predisposition, which in most cases is the cause of gout. In addition, the disease can cause a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and intemperance in eating and alcohol abuse.
Today gout is almost the most frequent cause of death among Europeans. However, there are some preventive measures you can follow to prevent the disease or at least to avoid its attacks. You should regularly twice a year to take the test to measure the level of uric acid in the blood, because the self to notice the increase in this level is impossible. If the genus of cases of gout, you should treat the diet very carefully, and avoid rich, fatty foods, alcohol. In addition, the treatment must be properly selected medication, which in any case cannot be assigned themselves.
In addition, a significant prevention against attacks are regular exercise, which can increase urinary excretion of uric acid from the body.
Symptoms of gout.
The main symptom of gout in the first phase of disease, increasing the concentration of uric acid in the blood. This increase can be observed long before the gout will be felt first attack. The attack usually appears at night, when in the joints causes severe pain. Very often the pain start with the big fingers of legs. The pain subsides, but after some time there again, waiting on the defeat of the tendons, joints and ligaments. Accumulate in certain places, the uric acid in the form nodules, renal stones, which, in turn, can cause serious renal colic, and continue to provoke and renal failure.
Gout can be hereditary or primary and secondary, that is, which is a consequence of other diseases, for example, leukemia. It is important to monitor the level of uric acid in the blood, because early diagnosis of gout helps in some cases to avoid her sharp attacks.
Treatment of diseases by using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs type indometacin, indomethacin, voltaren or butadiona, as well as corticosteroids and pain. In addition, treatment of gout accompanied by the obligatory diet.