Colitis manifested by acute and chronic inflammation in the mucosa of the colon occurring mainly in the course of chronic inflammation of the intestine, and infections caused by viruses or bacteria. May be complicated by inflammation of the small intestines and stomach. Because of the similarity of symptoms is not rare the disease is mistaken for irritable bowel syndrome. But the irritable bowel syndrome is not related to the colon.
The cause of the colitis is usually regular use in acute food and indigestible food, frequent alcohol use, and chronic constipation, which lead to the accumulation of faeces. Laxatives in this case will not help, because it irritates the colon.
In addition, the reasons can be poor hygiene, allergic to certain foods, stress, nervous and emotional disorders, wrong drug therapy and pre-existing infection of the intestine.
Forms of colitis
There are two main forms: acute and chronic.
An acute form of the disease provoke such pathogens as Streptococcus Staphylococcus, Salmonella and microorganisms dysentery. Acute colitis is characterized by inflammation in the stomach and the small intestine, which causes malfunction of the colon and other gastrointestinal organs.
Symptoms of acute colitis:
the appearance in the feces mucus and blood;;
Such symptoms of colitis can last up to several weeks, and in the absence of appropriate treatment acute becomes chronic.
Chronic colitis may occur in the presence of infections of the digestive system. Has many manifestations, which periodically aggravated. There are acute when eating foods that cause irritation of the large intestine, allergic reactions, prolonged use of antibiotics or General fatigue.
The main symptoms:
cramping pain in the abdomen;
alternating diarrhea and constipation;
selection feces mucus and blood;
lack of appetite;
There are also several types of the disease:
Allergic colitis. Occurs in allergic reactions, long-term mechanical effects (misuse of enemas, rectal candles etc). Symptoms: diarrhea; flatulence; constipation; abdominal pain; dyspepsia.
Segmental colitis. Occurs as accompanying illness with appendicitis. Symptoms: pain in right side; bloating; diarrhea; rumbling in abdomen.
If you have experienced similar symptoms of any type of colitis, you should contact the specialist to the proctologist, who will diagnose and prescribe effective treatment.