Just 30 years ago we had no idea about the use of food substitutes for ordinary sugar. The only exception was patients with diabetes, diet complex, which was certainly part of sorbitol or xylitol, replacement diabetics harmful sucrose.
The emergence of a sustainable trend for weight loss, to achieve a slim figure with parameters 90 - 60 - 90 modern food industry is rapidly reacted with the release of a colossal assortment of all kinds of sugar substitutes. Let's try to understand what they are and where they are used.
Xylitol and sorbitol
The main similarity usual sucrose were, and remain, xylitol and sorbitol, only now they are on sale and can be eaten by anyone, counting calories consumed.
Xylitol is a pentabasic organic alcohol of vegetable origin, the appearance is white crystalline powder, naturally sweet taste, completely soluble in water, odorless, absorbed by the body without the presence of insulin. The caloric content is not inferior to the sucrose, but has the property to extend the presence of food in the stomach. In other words, after ingestion of xylitol longer hungry.
Sorbitol is also a vegetable, but chastity alcohol found in fruits and some berries and fruits, less sweet than sugar, has a specific taste. Has valuable property to reduce the consumption of vitamins in the body, perfectly absorbed without changing the level of glucose in the blood. Overdose of sorbitol leads to bowel dysfunction, the norm - not more than 30 g per day.
Natural sugar substitute fructose.
Grape sugar, or fructose, contains practically all fruit and berry plants, and is a simple carbohydrate. The sale comes in the form of yellowish crystals having the same calories as sucrose, but much more sweet taste. This allows reduction of the amount of daily consumption of fructose as a natural sweetener
The most famous and oldest substitute for sucrose is saccharine - sweet potassium-sodium salt. Contraindications for human consumption has no, absolutely no-calorie, the level of glucose in the blood increases. Used as the basis for the production of some modern sweeteners, because 500 times sweeter than traditional sugar, but when heated becomes a bitter taste. In the pharmaceutical industry - the main sweetening additive to drugs.
Special mention should be made aspartame is a widely used synthetic sugar substitute, chemical composition representing a complex of aspartic and phenylalanine amino acids. It is the presence of phenylalanine makes this substitute is not available for those suffering from phenylketonuria. Also known by other names, for example, sladex or NutraSweet.
More about the harms and benefits of sweeteners can be read here.
Rumors that appeared at the end of the last century, about the carcinogenic properties of saccharin and its derivatives proved to be insolvent, as evidenced conducted by the National cancer Institute (USA) research.