Spondylarthrosis neck is one of the varieties of osteoarthritis, degenerative and dystrophic damage of all joint structures, including periarticular muscles, ligaments, cartilage, capsule and underlying bone. Initially, the disease affects the cartilaginous portion of the joint, and then apply to joint bag and adjacent bone. This leads to abnormal growth of bone tissue and the formation of thorn outgrowths (osteophytes).
According to statistics, the manifestations described pathology facing up to 85% of patients over 65 years of age. However, spondylarthrosis of the cervical spine is found in relatively young people.
Causes of neck spondylarthrosis
The main cause of spondylarthrosis neck are dystrophic and degenerative changes of the spine. Of particular importance in the occurrence of this pathology has a long functional overloading of the joints associated with high physical activity and a violation of the relation between the individual elements of the spine. In particular, the factors contributing to the development of the disease are:
• static load (work at a Desk, computer, machine, and others);
• congenital abnormalities and injuries of the spine;
• endocrine disorders;
• professional sports.
Symptoms of neck spondylarthrosis
The main symptom of spondylarthrosis of the cervical spine are aching in the neck, radiating to shoulder girdle, shoulder, scapula or occipital region. The growth of osteophytes can provoke the appearance of signs of vertebral artery syndrome and radiculopathy.
Treatment of neck spondylarthrosis
Standard treatment program spondylarthrosis neck includes:
• prescribing NSAIDs;
• regular physiotherapy exercises, swimming;
• physiotherapy (magnetotherapy, sinusoidal currents, ultrasound, electrophoresis painkillers);
• the use of chondroprotective;
• the use of vitamin preparations;
• conduct traction therapy;
Unfortunately, spondylarthrosis neck is a chronic, incurable disease. However, persistent adherence to all medical recommendations allows you to transfer it into long-term remission and significantly slow the progression of pathology.