Ectopic pregnancy or ectopic, due to the emergence of a pregnancy outside the uterus, in particular, outside of the inner lining of the uterus. The fertilized egg grows anywhere, except in the intrauterine cavity. More than 95% of ectopic pregnancy develops in the fallopian tubes. This is a gynecological emergency situation, if not detected in time, can be life-threatening for pregnant women.
What factors lead to the emergence of ectopic pregnancy?
Age is one of the most important risk factors. This problem often affects women aged between 33 and 44 years. Other risk factors include:
- inflammation of the pelvic organs;
- surgery on the fallopian tubes;
- history of ectopic pregnancy;
Where is usually this kind of pregnancy?
The fertilized egg is normally attached elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus:
- fallopian tube;
- the ovary;
- the cervix;
- abdominal cavity;
What can be the symptoms?
- sharp pain in the abdomen;
- low blood pressure;
- rapid pulse;
- cold sweat, etc.;
How is the diagnosis?
Internal bleeding caused by this type of pregnancy can be dangerous for the life of the pregnant woman. It is therefore very important to go to the doctor as soon as you don't be suspect.
Diagnosis requires a pelvic exam, where the doctor checks the pain and sensitivity, and will say what must be tested. The most useful laboratory test for diagnosis is the one that measures the hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) is a blood test. While in a normal pregnancy, the level of this hormone increases quickly in the first 10 weeks, in the case of ectopic pregnancy, it grows very slowly.
Ultrasound can also help in the detection of ectopic pregnancy.
How can you cure?
Treatment consists of surgical intervention. This is usually done by laparoscopy. The main purpose of doctors is to save a woman's life by any means. If the fallopian tube has been broken, then it should be removed completely, and if only wounded, can be treated.
Is it possible to get pregnant after an ectopic pregnancy?
Yes, but the prognosis depends on the speed at which the pregnancy was discovered and complications.