Experts from Soskovskogo Institute created in a laboratory culture of cells forming serotonin. This substance is responsible for mood, and its deficiency leads to the development of some serious illnesses, including depression, autism and schizophrenia, according to Medical News Today.
Cells that synthesize serotonin, researchers obtained skin cells from the idea of using stem cells laboratory refused. The technology became the method of separation of neurons that release serotonin, and the study of their genome.
Scientists have discovered a group of six transcription factors. It turned out that the proteins NKX2.2, FEV, GATA2, LMX1B, ASCL1, NGN2 responsible for the development of nerve cells and the formation of individual groups of neurons of serotonin. According to experts, further research in this area will help in the treatment of serious diseases of the nervous system.