Diabetes is becoming more common in the world, but at the same time, the origin of this disease remains poorly understood. Scientific research conducted by Dr. Andrea Beyerlein and her colleagues from the Munich Institute for the study of diabetes, tried to establish whether a history of childhood respiratory diseases cause the development of autoimmune diseases in adulthood. As a result, scientists came to the conclusion that, indeed, this interconnectivity exists.
Thus, if a person in infancy ill with infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, the risk of development of diabetes in adulthood significantly grows. In addition, it was found that infections are more dangerous from the point of view of developing diabetes than gradual onset of symptoms of the disease.
Just participated in the study of 148 children with a predisposition to diabetes. They have up to three years of age were marked 1245 outbreaks of respiratory tract infections. Most at risk were exposed to those children who have suffered a respiratory infection before the age of six months (the risk index was 2,27). Children undergoing respiratory tract infections in age from 6 months to a year, had a lower risk of 1.32. Interestingly, but the infection is transferred to the second year of life, in no way affect the risk of developing autoimmune diseases.
According to German scientists, their research provides an opportunity to prevent diabetes through timely vaccination. Unfortunately, they failed to identify the causative agent of respiratory infections, but according to them, are the most dangerous infection in the upper respiratory tract, namely inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx or acute rhinopharyngitis.