Physical activity affect genes and fat cells

Even small physical exercise is able to modify the behavior of human DNA and thereby reduce the risk of obesity and diabetes. According to Zee News, such a stunning conclusion that Swedish scientists. Experts shared their knowledge about what is happening in fat cells at the epigenetic level at that time, when one engages in physical activity. Charlotte Ling from Diabetes center Lonsdale University argues that physical exercise correct mechanisms for the formation of fatty tissues.

Every person at conception receives genes, which cannot be changed. However, the genes are methyl groups, specially attached to him. It is a methyl group and affect gene expression. And physical activity, lifestyle, diet and other factors in turn affect these groups, producing the so-called epigenetic changes.

Specialists Lansdale University have studied these processes in fat cells 23 volunteers, whose weight was slightly higher than the norm. Prior to the experiment the participants had not engaged in regular exercise. Within six months they had to attend aerobics classes and conduct exercises using the exercise bike. The frequency of sessions should be three sessions per week, but in practice, the average attendance was 1.8 visits per week.

Read also: Physical exercises help to convert white fat into brown

Due to the evaluation method of the genome, the researchers were able to establish that the training led to changes in almost seven thousand genes. For example, there have been positive developments in the genes responsible for the development of obesity and type II diabetes. Scientists were able to confirm the results of the experiments on cell cultures in the laboratory. "Turning off" certain genes whose level of expression led to changes in the deposition of fat in adipose cells.

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