Parkinson's disease, named after who described it in 1817, the English physician James Parkinson's disease, is a chronic disease in patients under fifty years of age.
Another name for the disease - shaking palsy is a fairly well describes the symptoms:
- trembling of the limbs;
- stiffness and slowness of movement;
The cause of these manifestations in the decreased production of dopamine in the result of damage to a certain area of the brain. Since the main function of dopamine is reduced to the transmission of nerve impulses, which provides motor function, then this function in Parkinson's disease and suffers to a greater extent.
The disease is accompanied by autonomic disorders, leading to changes in the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system.
A patient with this disease is distinguished by expressive facial expressions that does not mean his emotional indifference. In humans, the worse also changes the handwriting.
Due to damage recidivating muscles statements become illegible, making it difficult to communicate with others. But most importantly, negatively affects the social life of the patient is prone to depressive States, includes, including, significant irritability and fatigue.
The causes of this painful condition lot: craniocerebral trauma, endocrine failure, encephalitis, atherosclerosis, cerebral tumor.
Parkinson's disease usually requires medical treatment, the choice of which depends on the specific situation. Among the main drugs that can be prescribed only by specialist - levodopa, amantadine, anticholinergics. Surgical methods are invoked only in extreme cases.
Important role in the rehabilitation of the patient plays a physical treatment, as a means of correction of violations of mobility and stiffness of muscles. A special complex of exercises a beneficial effect not only coordination, but also on the recovery of language functions. Unfortunately the treatment of Parkinson's disease traditional methods is limited. The use of herbal sedative and tonic actions to improve the condition of the patient, but does not eliminate the need to take remedies prescribed by a doctor. The integrated use of all methods allows you to keep active in domestic and professional life and reduce symptoms.