Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, which is of two types: acute and chronic.
The pancreas is called the long gland located below the stomach and which covers the duodenum. It produces special enzymes that help the digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats in the intestine. Hormones of the pancreas, such as insulin, are regulators of glucose, and impaired function of the gland is manifested in chronic and acute form.
During acute pancreatitis inflamed the whole gland or part of it, and it can manifest itself in the form of disintegration of the tissues of the pancreas, which may cause suppuration, the formation of abscesses and bleeding. Acute cholecystitis in combination with pancreatitis is called cholecystoenteric.
During chronic pancreatitis occurs the inflammation of the pancreas. The process of inflammation alternates: then fades, then comes back. The inflammatory process leads to atrophy, the calcination cancer and fibrosis, and normal tissues that make up the pancreas, eventually turn into a scar.
Modern medicine defines two types of chronic pancreatitis: primary, secondary, also called a companion. During the primary forms of chronic pancreatitis, the inflammation is localized in the prostate. Secondary pancreatitis begins to develop on the background of other diseases of the digestive system such as stomach ulcers, gastroenterocolitis and others.
Acute diseases of the stomach, bowels, liver and gallbladder provoke an attack of acute pancreatitis, which in this case is called the reactive pancreatitis.
Causes of pancreatitis.
The outflow of bile, the abundant consumption of meat and fatty foods, alcohol, stress and genetic predisposition can cause pancreatitis.
Pain radiating to the back at the level of the upper part of the abdomen, accompanied by bouts of pancreatitis. Mostly, they occur after eating and can last for several hours and sometimes several days. The attacks are also accompanied by nausea and vomiting, jaundice, weight loss. If the attack lasts for a long time, the disease is manifested by profuse stool with oily Shine and weight.
Attack of pancreatitis requires the intervention of doctors, as it can lead to various complications, for example: necrosis of the pancreas.
Digestive enzymes, which produces iron, inactive up until not fall into the small intestine to facilitate the process of digestion, but in the case of pancreatitis, they are already activated in the pancreas and start to eat away at its fabric.
Often pancreatitis occurs in men who are prone to overeating and the consumption of large amounts of alcohol, as well as pregnant women and women who are in the early period after birth. This disease is equally dangerous for all ages.
Listed below are the most common causes of pancreatitis:
Alcohol intoxication, alcohol abuse and chronic alcoholism;
Received injuries in the abdomen;
diseases of connective tissue;
diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract, and disorders of biliary outflow;
disease of the duodenum;
the failure to follow the prescribed diet;
antibiotics, sulfonamides, indirect anticoagulants, indometacin, brufen, paracetamol, steroid hormones, estrogen;
moved endoskopiceski manipulations and operations;
Acute pancreatitis may develop into a chronic form of the disease. Ulcerative colitis, hemochromatosis, atherosclerosis, and liver and thyroid gland can also cause pancreatitis.
The main symptoms of the occurrence of pancreatitis are:
Attacks of pain in the upper abdomen or left peribere, which often occur after meals;
swelling of the abdomen and flatulence;
reduction of body weight;
whitish coating on the tongue;
symptoms of hypovitaminosis, which can manifest in the form of "Zayed" in the corners of the mouth, dryness and peeling of skin, brittle hair and nails.
education "ruby droplets on the skin in the chest and abdomen;
nausea and vomiting;
It should be noted that the above-mentioned symptoms of pancreatitis combined with each other.
Diagnosis of pancreatitis include blood tests, stool tests, including the presence of dysbiosis, coprogram. Coprogram lets you find out about the ability of the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates gastrointestinal tract, because of insufficient digestion of substances can be found in patients with pathology of the liver, pancreas and biliary tract.
In addition to analyses, should conduct an ultrasound of the liver gallbladder and bile ducts. Also recommended for computed tomography of organs located in the abdominal cavity.
Usually, the occurrence of acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and lasts a relatively short time. Toxins that occur during inflammation of the pancreas, can enter the bloodstream and cause damage to other organs such as the liver, heart and lungs. The resulting hemorrhage in the gland can lead to a fatal outcome.
By itself, chronic pancreatitis cannot be cured and slowly destroys the pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is fraught with the following complications:
infectious seal gland;
inflammation of the pancreatic duct and the bile duct, often accompanied by pus;
erosion in the esophagus;
ulcer of the stomach and intestines;
the occurrence of malignant tumors in the pancreas;
reducing the level of blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia;
the false appearance of cysts in the pancreas;
coming into the abdominal cavity fistula in the pancreas;
In addition, chronic pancreatitis can change the shape of the pancreas so that it begins to put pressure on the 12-duodenum, and this fact may cause obstruction and will require surgical intervention.
The main measures for prevention of pancreatitis are healthy and nutritious food, as well as timely treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestinal tract. Minimizing alcohol consumption and consumption of fatty foods and large meals, will also reduce to a minimum the risk of pancreatitis. In addition, it is desirable to stop Smoking.
Method of treating pancreatitis folk ways consists of diet, exercise, and use fees medicinal herbs. Medicinal plants can be used in combination with other drugs, after consultation with a specialist.
It should be remembered that the treatment of pancreatitis should begin immediately. Early treatment increases the likelihood of recovery of function and structure of the pancreas. Therapies strictly individual for each patient.
When pancreatitis is recommended to perform breathing exercises, which has the effect of massage of the internal organs. Gymnastics is recommended two to three times a day, sitting, lying or standing. To start the exercise with a small number (3-4) of repetitions per day, increasing gradually up to 9 times per day. The exercises should be executed after an attack of pancreatitis.
Breath, breath, breath. Smoothly, but at the same time, much to pull in the stomach, count to 3, and then relax the muscles.
Breath, breath, breath. During pause inflate the abdomen as much and count to three. Relax when you exhale.
Sigh halfway and hold your breath for a couple seconds, then continue sigh, directing the air into the stomach and bulging of the abdominal cavity. After inflation of the abdomen, at the end of the breath hold your breath and count to 3. Then pull the abdominal wall and count to 6. At the end of the exercise, exhale and relax the abdominal muscles.
Exhaling heavily draw your abdomen. To hold the breath for a couple seconds, then relax the muscles of the abdomen. Greatly inflate the abdomen on the inhale and draw it when you exhale.