Nervous breakdown - this is a rather old-fashioned term used to describe the various types of mental disorders. For the first time this term began to be applied in the 19th century, when many mental disorders were considered the consequences of failure of the nervous system. It reflects a mechanistic point of view on the functioning of the human body, which appeared simultaneously with distribution in Europe clockwork mechanisms. In the 19th century it was believed that an important role in the nervous system play electric impulses, but at present it is difficult to consider a person as an electric machine, which can be broken.
Since then, as most of the population moved from the village to the city, there are new problems - people are living in close quarters, to work in a busy schedule, all these difficulties are the ideal conditions for the development of stress-related disorders.
Psychiatrists in this case, use the term "neurasthenia", which means the lack of nerve force. In General it is the difference between neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Psychotic disorders are hearing voices, stigma, they are seen as a distraction, which is usually incurable. It is for these people was built crazy house.
Neurotic disorders develop in people with nervous disorders - anxiety, bad mood, they are considered to be curable with time.
However, over the years, such a clear distinction between the two types of disorders are staggered. When after the First world wave from the front began to return shell-shocked soldiers, psychiatrists admitted that many of them would not have been psychotic disorders, if not trench injury. Today, scientists recognize that soldiers suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
Interestingly, most contusion occur in men, and neurasthenia in women, however, can not be completely sure about "male" and "female" disease.
A significant role in the development of psychotic and neurotic disorders stress plays, it is a major cause of psychosis. Each person has individual stress vulnerability, a person with a high border of vulnerability will be in the relative psychological health even at constant stress, low vulnerability, even a little stress can take a person out of balance and cause a nervous breakdown.
Limit each person is determined by several factors. Significant role played by genetics, personal history of life, the ability to solve problems. In addition each person individually chooses what is stress: what is easy for one is difficult for another.
It is important to recognize that stress is not only bad, but also good - it makes us more attentive, fills our life with colors. However, too much stress leads to burnout, emotional emptiness.
The amount of stress that we experience also varies, each person has more intense periods of life and less strenuous. Sometimes we anticipate them in advance and prepare for them, and sometimes they happen suddenly. Our vulnerability to stress depends on the age - young body to better cope with stressful situations, however, with age, experience tells us that many situations simply are not stressful. This makes stress a person's vulnerability flexible scale that can change your whole life, smoothly regulate the load on the nervous system.