Periodontitis is one of the most common dental diseases. Typically, it occurs in people already at a Mature age. If the process of development of inflammation of the tissues surrounding the tooth is detected early, it can still be stopped. However, it is not excluded the possibility that you will be able to fully restore the condition of the gums.
If the dentist was a bit delayed, it will be extremely difficult to do without surgical intervention. However, thanks to modern methods of treatment, which today has adopted dental centres, the development of periodontitis can not only slow, but also to suspend, which will allow you to save the tooth for a long time. When identifying the patient has periodontal disease, the doctor will prescribe him an individual course of treatment, depending on the progression of the disease.
Very often periodontitis occurs when the accumulation of plaque on the tooth surface, so scaling (removal of dental plaque is the first stage of treatment. Dental hygienist uses for professional cleaning of the teeth of the patient specific ultrasonic tools that allow you to achieve excellent results.
Once every six months is recommended fluoride treatment of teeth. Saturation with fluorine ions of the tooth enamel using special gels and varnishes helps reinforce the natural protection of the teeth and remove tooth sensitivity. This procedure also prevents the development of caries and other unpleasant dental diseases.
If simple procedures are no longer able to resist the disease, when the inflammatory process has gone too far, for the treatment of periodontitis used surgical methods, which allow to eliminate gingival pockets and prevent the development of more severe forms of the disease.
Clean deep periodontal pockets allows surgical curettage (flap surgery). For this operation, a local anesthesia. Cleaning is performed using special hand tools or by using ultrasound. To the bone recovers quickly, gingival pockets fill osteogenic drugs (osteoplasty).
Pathological overgrowth may require the removal of the gingival margin. This procedure is called gingivectomy. It is performed either under local anesthesia or under General anesthesia. When choosing the method of anesthesia is taken into account the desire of the patient.
Gingivoplasty applies if you want to remove the excess gum tissue, repair of periodontal pockets, align the height of the gums, to give the tissues aesthetic appearance.
Also for the treatment and prevention of periodontitis used non-surgical methods, such as: closed curettage (without compromising the integrity of the gums), splinting of teeth fixation of teeth in the correct position) and other effective techniques.