Scientists from Soskovskogo Institute found that the predisposition to schizophrenia can be identified early in the prenatal stage of development of the child. Previously, scientists could set some changes in the brain of schizophrenics post-mortem autopsy, says Medical News Today.
In the study, scientists took skin cells of patients and returned them in the form of stem cells. Next stem cells transformed into precursor cells (neurons early phase). Scientists have created precursor cells four people with schizophrenia and six healthy people.
Managed to establish that the reaction of the cells of people with schizophrenia to stress not quite adequate: damaged mitochondria, violated the behavior of cells. They began to move abnormally. In the brain of a living person this can result in the reduction of connections in the brain, increasing the rate of oxidation processes. Interestingly, antipsychotics only worsened the situation.
Scientists suggest that infection, malnutrition during pregnancy increase the risk of developing schizophrenia in the child. However, the exact cause of the disease is not yet established.