Licorice root, licorice, liquorice, lycoris - all Glycyrrhiza glabra, is a perennial herbaceous plant, used in the food industry and in medicine for thousands of years. Licorice is also named as sweet root, because the taste is 50 times sweeter than sugar. Liquorice is used in Eastern medicine and Western doctors to treat a variety of diseases, from the common cold to liver disease. Licorice is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, as well as otharkivajushchimi - helps get rid of phlegm in the respiratory tract. Not all uses for licorice confirmed by official science, besides its use inside requires a certain caution. In fact, licorice root contains glycyrrhizin, a substance, excessive consumption of which can cause negative side effects. To avoid undesirable consequences, pharmacists removed from licorice this component, in this case, the drugs are announced as DGL (deglycyrrhizinated licorice) - "deglycyrrhizinated licorice root".
Licorice is a plant with an erect, branched stem, height from 50 to 150, see the Root system is a powerful, extensive, going in depth to a distance of 8 m and in width, covering an area of up to several tens of square meters. For medical purposes are the roots and rhizomes of licorice.
Peptic ulcer disease. Deglycyrrhizinated licorice root (DGL) is included in the drugs prescribed for the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Experiments were conducted with rats who were given aspirin in the shell of licorice. Usually, the adoption of animals aspirin in high doses causes stomach ulcers, whereas consumption of the drug in combination with licorice reduced the number of cases by 50%. Although statistics conducted among patients with ulcer shows that taking DGL helps to recover not all.
Stomatitis. Studies have shown that drugs with deglycyrrhizinated licorice root helps patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis. In most cases, the mouthwash solution with licorice helps to get rid of this disease.
The eczema. Licorice root proved its worth in the treatment of eczema. Gels containing liquorice (one and two percent), ease such symptoms as itching, swelling, redness.
Functional dyspepsia (indigestion, GERD). The studies confirm the positive effect of taking people with gastrointestinal diseases drugs, which along with herbs (mint, chamomile) is licorice.
Infections of the upper respiratory tract. Licorice root or licorice is a traditional remedy for the treatment of cough and asthma, but research does not give 100% confirmation of the effectiveness of such therapy.
Weight reduction. To confirm the impact of consumption of licorice to reduce fat steel research conducted with a group of 15 people. Within 2 months they ate 3.5 grams of licorice daily, as a result of their fat mass decreased, but was revealed to fluid retention in the body.
The consumption of large amounts of licorice root (more than 20g a day) and taking drugs, containing liquorice with glycyrrhizin can cause serious side effects: headaches, fatigue, high blood pressure, heart problems, fluid retention in the body, muscle aches, numbness in the hands and feet. In any case taking these drugs must be agreed with the doctor.
- heart failure;
- high blood pressure;
- fluid retention;
- kidney disease;
- liver disease;
You should not use licorice pregnant and lactating women.
It is not recommended to take medicines with licorice root over 4-6 weeks.
The diuretics. The combination of licorice and diuretics medicines can reduce potassium in the blood to dangerous levels, and as a result cause numbness, weakness, muscle pain and even paralysis.
ACE inhibitors. Medications for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure cannot be combined with the use of licorice root.
The digoxin. People with heart failure receiving digoxin should not use drugs with licorice, the consequences of such combinations may be arrhythmias and even heart attack.
Corticosteroids. Licorice root can potentiate the effects of corticosteroids prescribed to patients for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, and cause negative effects.
Insulin, medicines to treat diabetes. Licorice can affect blood sugar levels.
Laxatives. It is not recommended joint reception, because licorice can lead to potassium loss in people taking laxatives.
MAO inhibitors. Licorice may increase the effect of antidepressants in this class.
Oral contraceptives. Studies have shown that women taking oral contraceptives at the same time and licorice root, suffered from high blood pressure and low potassium levels.
Warfarin. Patients suffering from an increased tendency to thrombosis and warfarin, can not eat liquorice, as it helps to increase the time blood clotting and increases the likelihood of bleeding.
Drugs, metabolisable in the liver. Licorice may affect drugs, metabolisable in the liver. These include, in particular, celecoxib, diclofenac (voltaren), fluvastatin (lescol), glipizide, ibuprofen, phenytoin, piroxicam, phenobarbital and secobarbital.