Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus type I) - this is a dangerous disease, which is characterized by a pronounced clinical symptoms and unstable, and prone to ketolides and hypoglycemia.
Typically, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus diagnosed in people aged 40 years. There is an acute course of the disease. Sick thirst and increased appetite, worried about increased urination, sharply reduced weight. Insulin levels in plasma either not detected or very low, the level of glucagon, reduce the action of insulin, increases.
Patients insulin diabetes feel weakness, thirst, polyuria, dry mouth. They decreased performance, you receive increased appetite, pyoderma, itching in the crotch, and abrasions.
Very often in patients who suffer from insulin-dependent diabetes, sleep disturbance, headaches, and pain in the heart and gastrocnemius muscles. People become irritable, suffer from kidney disease, urinary tract. More likely to be subjected to such serious disease as tuberculosis.
Laboratory tests show elevated levels of blood glucose and urine, in most cases, is determined by glycosuria.
The development of insulin diabetes mellitus is facilitated by the following factors:
• genetic predisposition;
• environmental factors (viral infection);
• inflammation of the pancreas;
• alteration or transformation of the surface of β-cells, which the immune system become alien;
• development of the immune response.
After the appearance of cytotoxic antibodies can talk about the emergence of diabetes clinic. At this point starts the process of destruction of β-cells.
If a person identifies symptoms insulin dependent diabetes, not depositing need to start insulin. First and foremost, you should see a specialist for a special diet. There are several modes of insulin administration, elected depending on the type of disease: normal, regular subcutaneous insulin infusion, multiple subcutaneous injections.
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In insulin-dependent diabetes, there is the so-called phenomenon of "dawn". Early in the morning in patients with a marked increase in plasma glucose levels. In this state, the human body needs large doses of insulin.