The knee injury is becoming a very unpleasant incident. For climbers, dancers, athletes, damage to the meniscus of the knee joint - usual case, but no less painful. Injury to the meniscus as a rule, leads to excessive extension and flexion of the knee joint. The meniscus can be damaged when hitting a solid object fall on a hard surface. The meniscus can be torn, get high, razdavitsa, become excessively mobile, due to a rupture or stretching miniskevich ligaments. If not timely treatment, there could be a chronic process, which will manifest itself degeneration and degeneration of the meniscus.
To report damage to the meniscus can:
• sharp pain;
• restricted movement;
• increase the knee joint;
• the symptom blockade of the joint.
After the acute period, which lasts about 2-3 weeks, the patient may feel a dull pain in the knee. Characterized by increased pain when descending down the stairs. The person may be feeling interfering object in the joint. Because the symptoms that occur with damage to the meniscus, are not specific to the diagnosis of such an injury can only be a doctor.
The specialist determines the tactics of treatment depending on the nature of the injury, severity of injury, its localization. Initially, the treatment involves removal of the victim pain. The doctor then determines how it will be done the treatment of lesions of the meniscus.
If the injury is serious and the amount of damage to a large, occurred longitudinal gap tissue meniscus or he is utterly broken, surgical intervention is needed. Damage is stitched damaged meniscus is partially or completely removed. You may need to install an artificial implant.
If the tear or rupture of the tissue is small, fairly conservative treatment. Damaged knee joint requires rigid fixation. The patient physiotherapy treatments and medications that can have a beneficial effect on cartilage. Such measures will contribute to faster healing of the meniscus. After surgery fixation of the joint is also required. Restore his mobility is provided by physiotherapy, physical therapy, taking special drugs (analgesics, chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, vitamins, dietary supplements).
This article was prepared together with the site nebolyachka.ru.