The body of the platypus produces a special hormone with unique properties. The chemical compound is GLP-1 (glucoheptonate peptide-1) is formed in the gastrointestinal tract and promotes the release of insulin. Insulin, in turn, reduces the level of sugar in the blood, writes NDTV.
Found a hormone is quickly destroyed, getting in the human body. Therefore, scientists are trying to create a modified version of it, capable of functioning for a long time.
Note, a similar process to strengthen the chemical formula of the hormone occurred naturally at the echidna and the platypus. However, these modifications took millions of years. If the experiments of scientists will yield positive results, the medicine will be a new efficient agent for the treatment of diabetes.