Change in lifestyle has a significant impact on blood pressure in patients with hypertension. So say American doctors from Columbia medical College, which conducted the analysis of the evidence on modification of lifestyle in hypertensive patients.
The most powerful factor influencing the success in the treatment of hypertension - the weight of the patient. Normalization of body mass index helps to achieve target numbers of blood pressure.
The second important factor is physical activity, and its impact depends on the intensity and regularity. Regular metered load has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and helps in the treatment of hypertension.
The third factor is diet. The diet of a patient with hypertension should contain a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, the diet should limit saturated fat. The positive effect of diet containing micronutrients. There is evidence that Potassium normalizes blood pressure and reduces the risk of stroke, vitamin D is a positive influence on the cardiovascular system, the flavonoids that are found in cocoa beans and respectively in chocolate, have a positive effects on the vascular endothelium, which normalizes the release of nitric oxide, which dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure. Of course, a significant role in reducing blood pressure remains and limit salt intake.
A separate place drained alcoholic drinks. As numerous studies have shown one dose for women, and two doses for men (1 dose equal to 100 grams of alcohol) has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and can be useful for hypertensive patients. However, it should be remembered that increasing the recommended dose of protective properties of alcohol weakens and can cause damage to the patient.
"In General, the most significant results for a patient with hypertension can be obtained only when the complex modification of lifestyle," said Tiberio Frittoli, lead author of the work.
Source: European Heart Journal