The endometrium is the tissue that lines the inner surface of the uterus. Not found before the end of the reasons that tissue can grow outside the uterus. Then the woman will be diagnosed with endometriosis, which can cause infertility. Overall, about 10% of all gynecological problems associated with this phenomenon.
The doctors think that the cause of endometriosis in menstruation, especially because more often sick women aged 30 to 50 years. Together with blood during menstruation is part of the cells of the endometrium thrown into the abdominal cavity, where it begins to develop.
Factors that increase the risk of developing endometriosis, considered the lack of iron in the body, lowered immunity, sedentary lifestyle, the influence of environmental and genetic predisposition. Any surgical intervention, such as abortion or caesarean section may cause proliferation of the endometrium.
A woman may experience pain during urination and intercourse. During menstruation may appear brown smears. One of the classic symptoms is toxicaria. But there are times when a woman does not know about their disease for a long time. It feels normal or accustomed from childhood to painful month. In any case, the gynecologist can see disorders of the tissues during the inspection and send the patient on ultrasound or laparoscopy for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Fortunately, medicine knows how to treat endometriosis. There are three main approaches in treatment: conservative surgical and mixed that combines the first two. Conservative treatment involves the use of hormonal drugs for a long time (up to 9 months), including oral contraceptives. Also gaining popularity is the use of intrauterine devices, for a period of 5 years. To support the woman's body are also vitamins, painkillers and sedatives.
Although hormone therapy is very effective in the fight against endometriosis, in some cases without surgical intervention is necessary. In this case, is usually prescribed laparoscopy - laser sites of proliferation of the endometrium. After the surgery you need short term rehabilitation, taking medication and ultrasound in a month to check the results.