Sometimes heat stroke is called sunstroke.
Heat stroke is a form of hyperthermia or an abnormally elevated body temperature with accompanying physical symptoms, including changes in the functioning of the nervous system. In severe cases, the human body temperature can rise to 40 ° C and above. Heat stroke can lead to serious consequences (including Yes lethal) and requires emergency medical care.
The human body normally generates heat as a result of metabolism, and, as a rule, able to dissipate excess heat through the skin or through the mechanism of sweating. However, at high ambient temperatures, high humidity, or vigorous physical exertion under the sun, the human body is not able to dissipate the heat - hence the body temperature rises. Also cause heat stroke can be dehydration. When dehydration in humans is blocked perspiration, and, accordingly, it is difficult to dissipation, to increase body temperature.
Categories of people who are most susceptible to the effects of heat stroke:
• Older people (usually with heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, or those taking medications that make them vulnerable to dehydration and heat stroke),
• People who are physically in the open sun.
What to do when a thermal shock and how to avoid it:
• First of all, you need to call an ambulance;
• Then you must ensure coolness and fresh air;
• The most important measures to prevent heat stroke is to prevent dehydration and to avoid vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather;
• Special attention to the possibility of heat stroke should be paid to infants, the elderly and people who work outdoors in hot and humid weather.
During the heat, it is important to know and be able to recognize signs and symptoms of heat illness. There are different types of heat illnesses ranging from those that cause temporary discomfort and ending with a condition known as heat stroke. All types of heat illnesses, symptoms appear when the person is exposed to extreme temperatures. Learn more about how you can avoid heat stroke can be found in this article.
The following list can help you recognize the symptoms of heat illness:
• Poticy: prickly heat is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot, humid weather;
• Heat cramps: in humans, which is exposed to physical exertion in the heat, can develop painful muscle spasms of the arms, legs, belly. The temperature of the body, usually remains normal, and the skin is moist and cool.