Arterial hypertension (hypertension) is the most common chronic disease of adults, characterized by high blood pressure. The disease can not be a complete cure, but blood pressure can be controlled. Without timely control pressure can be complications (heart attack, stroke, cardiac and renal failure, blurred vision).
The reasons for developing hypertension in 90% of cases not identified. However, there are factors that increase the risk of developing the disease:
- the age, the walls of the blood vessels become more rigid, and this increases the resistance of blood vessels to the circulation, as a result, the pressure increases
- hereditary factors;
- gender (men are generally more likely to have hypertension);
- Smoking, drinking large quantities of alcohol and salt;
- excess weight, lack of physical activity;
- increased susceptibility to stress;
- kidney disease;
- congenital heart disease;
- late toxicosis in complicated pregnancy.
At high pressure the symptoms may not occur, however, possible headache and dizziness.
To reduce the pressure you can use the following not medicamental methods:
- if overweight, you should lose weight at least 5 kg and maintain at this level, the result will be lower cholesterol and blood sugar, which will have a positive effect on blood pressure;
- regular exercise outdoors (swimming, running, Biking);
- limited use of salt per day to 2.4 mg;
- you should minimize or completely stop drinking alcohol;
- reduce consumption of low-fat foods and eat more fruits and vegetables, as they are a source of potassium;
Drug treatment of hypertension should be undertaken only after a visit to the doctor, because hypertension can be of different severity and requires individual selection of drugs. The doctor will prescribe an antihypertensive drug (e.g., indapamide), which must be taken in strict accordance with all recommendations.
Read also: What is dangerous arterial hypertension?
For the prevention of arterial hypertension it is important to regularly measure the pressure at least once a year to visit the doctor, to follow a healthy lifestyle and exercise.