Heartburn referred pain in the chest, accompanied with symptoms such as nausea, bloating, belching, bitter or sour taste in the mouth, etc. As a rule, the occurrence of heartburn associated with taking a heavy meal and a recumbent position. It can act as a sign gastroesophagal reflux. In some cases heartburn is masked by other problems, such as, for example, pain in the heart area.

A hit of acid gastric contents into the stomach may occur for the following reasons:

1. The presence of unhealthy habits. We are talking about food on the go, insufficient chewing of food, the consumption of enormous quantities of fatty and sweet food.

2. The obesity.

3. The abuse of some vegetables and fruits (citrus, tomatoes, onions etc).

4. Alcoholic and carbonated drinks.

5. Frequent stressful situations.

6. The intake of certain medications. It is, for example, aspirin, ibuprofen, etc.

7. Using tight clothing that puts pressure on the stomach.

8. Increased activity after eating.

9. The weakening of the muscles that control the opening of the esophagus.

10. The presence of a diaphragmatic hernia.

11. The pregnancy.

In the case of a periodic appearance of the burning feeling in the upper abdomen and the bitter or sour taste in the mouth, there is the possibility of independent solutions to this problem. If these symptoms are not uncommon and are accompanied by chronic cough, or arise from some medications (anti-asthma remedies, antidepressants, antihistamines, sedative and antispasmodic drugs), you should visit a doctor. Consulting a doctor is required if together with heartburn feel fear and loss of appetite. Seeking medical attention is mandatory in the case while heartburn is marked dark or bloody stools, vomit streaked with blood, chest pain, nausea, increased salivation, etc.

To get rid of heartburn, you can take medications that help reduce the level of acidity of the stomach. It is recommended that Smoking cessation. Visit to the doctor is necessary in case of frequent and severe heartburn.

The first stage of medical assistance is determining the cause of symptoms of heartburn and exclusion of the presence of the ulcer in the stomach and other serious problems of the digestive system. Next is the appointment of adequate treatment, as well as of the mode and suitable diet. As a diagnostic procedure is ultrasound and endoscopy. If necessary, hospitalization of the patient and surgery for hernia hiatal, which is located in the aperture.

The most common cause of heartburn is a chronic variant of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. Typically, these diseases are accompanied by a significant increase secretion of gastric juice, increased production of hydrochloric acid and gastric enzymes. When identifying this cause to fight heartburn provides for neutralizing the action of excess amount of acid. It is worth noting that there are various medicines which help to reduce acidity and eliminate heartburn. The simplest option is to use baking soda, which is a very effective tool.

Read also: Heartburn in pregnant women

It is recommended that a slow and thorough chewing of food. You must reconsider your diet and limit the intake of harmful food. You should watch your weight. Try to avoid stressful situations.

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