Difficult the structure of the heart, because it consists of the ventricles, valves, walls with the walls of the Atria and blood vessels that are adjacent. In the event of a malfunction of at least one element, obrazuyutsa heart defects.
What causes defect?
Every case of the disease this disease is different, but almost always it requires surgical intervention.
Congenital heart defects lead to death, so must immediately be treated surgically. Other forms of the disease usually does not involve emergency response, it is possible to reschedule the surgery for some time. The younger the age of the patient, the higher the risk of complications. Still have to wait, the cardiologist assigns medication, which only supports the patient's condition or removes some of the symptoms.
Types of heart diseases
Classification of the disease depends on its origin:
- the most common congenital illness in newborns;
acquired heart defects can occur at any age.
Distinguish between disease and skin color:
blue disease has as symptoms bluish color to lips and ears;
white disease is characterized by pallor of the skin in combination with cold extremities.
There are many types of heart defects, but are most commonly found:
- aortic appears through partial closure of the aortic valve or due to the narrowing of its mouth;
- defect in the septum between the ventricles occurs in the absence of the septum;
- septal defect inter-atrial - characterized by the presence of a gap between the Atria;
- does not close the duct is common in newborns;
- coarctation of aorta - occurs due to narrowing of the aorta at the output of the left lobe.
The treatment of heart diseases
The main method of treatment of heart disease is surgery. For example, a defect in the septum between the ventricles implies shivanie the affected area or the introduction of a catheter through the patient vessel, which will block the free space partition.
Intervention to correct the defect in the septum between atrial is difficult and complicated treatment, so it is transferred to a five-year age of the child. If the missing part of the element is not more than 5 mm, it is likely that the gap will repair itself.
Open arterial duct is operated at the age of 1-3 years, then the item Perevoznaya or a catheter is inserted.
Aortic valvular disease in addition to surgical intervention, requires medical treatment, as the risk of blood clots is very high.