Hallucinations

Hallucinations called a condition in which the patient perceives a non-existent objects as real objects. There are olfactory, gustatory, visual, auditory, and bodily hallucinations. Of these the most common are auditory hallucinations, during which the person hears the conversations, individual sounds, knocks, phone calls.

Voices can be soft and loud, unfamiliar and familiar, often their content is unpleasant for the patient: they threaten him, scold, promise to punish the patient or cause any harm to his loved ones. Often auditory hallucinations are ordering, and the patient unconditionally obeys them. The diversity of visual hallucinations is also impressive: from simple (visions of flame, smoke, sparks) to complex (floods, fires, wars and so on). Visual hallucinations are both static and is constantly changing, like in the movies. In content, they are usually unpleasant for the patient. Olfactory hallucinations usually occur together with taste (patients feel the smell of pus, feces, decay, and ordinary food they think it's disgusting).

Bodily hallucinations cause discomfort in various parts of the body. Patients feel that their pinch, prick, and so forth. There are also pseudohallucinations, when patients complain of voices inside the head, not at a distance, or see anything "inner vision", and not with the eyes, and so forth.

It is important to distinguish this type of pathology from illusions. For example, if the patient seems to be that the coat hanging on the coat rack has a human shape, or that Cabinet in the bathroom was like a bear, it would be an illusion. But if the patient is in the empty space sees people, animals and so on, or hearing voices, even though no one is hallucinations.

When the illusions of the man, seeing that he made a mistake easily agree with this, when the hallucinations to prove to the patient that he is wrong is not possible. Illusions can be the case mentally healthy people, the emergence of hallucinations clearly shows the presence of a mental illness and requires medical intervention.

The presence of hallucinations can be set according to the behavior of the patient. This is very important because there are cases when sick people, for fear of persecution or forced placement in a specialized medical institution, hide their hallucinatory emotions. Patients suffering from hallucinations, always wary and concentrated. They are constantly to something listen carefully looking into the empty space, wiggling lips, talking to his invisible companions. The facial expressions of the patient always reflects the nature of hallucinations and expresses delight, admiration, joy or fear, anger, surprise. When bright and long-lasting hallucinations, patients begin to talk aloud, samuriwo eyes, pinch your nose, close their ears, fighting off invisible monsters hiding under the blanket. Under the influence of the imperative (commands) of the votes patients can attack others, or to jump out the window. Hallucinations in isolated form are rare. As a rule, they are part of the psychopathic symptoms in one way or another mental illness, and combined with brad. Appearing for the first time, hallucinations affect the patient, causing anxiety, fear, excitement.

Treatment is aimed at relief of excitation and elimination delusional hallucinatory States. To this end intramuscularly tizertsin or chlorpromazine in combination with haloperidol or trisodium. The location of the patient in a psychiatric clinic occurs when hallucinations not caused any serious somatic disease, otherwise the patient is placed in the psychosomatic Department, where the participation of a psychiatrist treatment.

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