Specialists from the Institute of molecular and cell biology have studied the genes of fish and found to have this type freshwater interesting feature. Under certain conditions, fish can be used to restore cilia of the respiratory tract.
Ciliated epithelium covers a large part of the human respiratory system and plays an important role in the breathing process. Cilia delay the dust and bacteria on the way to the alveoli of the lungs.
When genetic fails education for new cilia is disturbed, resulting in frequent infections, pneumonia and chronic bronchitis.
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Scientists have identified 26 genes in fish, are able to activate the formation of ciliated epithelium. Further research in this area will make possible the treatment of serious pathologies of the respiratory system, scientists believe.