Approximately 6-10% of the other various fractures are fractures in the hip area. Divided they are of three types: fracture of upper and lower thigh (proximal and distal), diaphyseal fracture. These types of fractures can be distinguished by the symptoms, treatment and prognosis. Causes of hip fracture can be a failed jump from a height on one side, with an emphasis on one leg; a strong kick in the thigh.
Symptoms of fractures in the hip area
When possible fracture near the hip or neck can cause severe pain in the hip or groin. If the intra-articular fracture of, the pain is mild, and increases only when walking. Swelling and bruising may be missing on the injured leg.
If there was a hip fracture vertaling type, the pain is very pronounced, and when you try to move it they can grow. People who receive this kind of fracture, stiffness of movement, and any movement given to them is very difficult. Traumatized region of the legs may be swollen or have bruises.
Fracture with displacement, expressed in shortened condition of the affected leg, unlike healthy. A clear sign of a fracture in the upper thigh part is that people in the supine position is not able to raise the straightened leg.
Treatment of hip fracture
Inspection conducts expert, namely the trauma. The damaged part of the legs anaesthetic injection of novocaine. If there was a fracture of the femoral neck, then imposed a special splint or bandage plaster, equipped with a pelvic belt. Leg aside 30 degrees, and a cast should not be touched for 3 months. Six months are allowed to walk with the use of additional funds (crutches, walkers). Ability to work will only appear after 8 months. In old age, fracture of the femur leads to a longer recovery period. Bed rest may be delayed, and therefore, it is possible bedsores. Therefore, you should move more, but without zeal, so as not to get complications.
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Possible surgical intervention, i.e. the help of a surgeon. Surgical intervention reduces the period of treatment and increases the overall mobility of the patient.