Opening in the field of genetic medicine in recent decades have become quite frequent. Especially scientists and physicians interested in the relationship between diseases, pathologies and structure of human genes. In some cases, certain genes may be a predisposing factor in the development of chronic diseases, to serve as an additional risk factor for cancer and other tumors. Before scientists have proven that the process of thrombus formation is associated with genes. A combination can increase the risk of myocardial infarction by 15%, reports The Daily Mail. It is worth noting that the gene for the study was identified in more than half of the subjects.
A heart attack can occur as a result of the process of thickening blood. Platelets aggregated form clots, which then fall into the coronary vessels, which causes necrosis of cardiac tissue. The heart impairs the functioning of the heart muscle and complicated cases may end in lethal as the result of heart failure or cardiac rupture. At this stage, scientists directed their forces to search for a specific gene and techniques that could detect.
It is worth noting that already in 2004 was discovered the main gene, which is often found in people with heart attacks. Scientists believe that the cause mutations in a particular stretch of DNA or grounds included in it. This factor affects the condition of the walls of the arteries and increases the levels of inflammatory reactions in it. The resulting inflammation leads to thickening of the blood and thrombus formation, which stop the blood flow.
Japanese researchers analyzed DNA from 2,600 and compared the obtained data with 2500 thousands of results from the control group. It turned out that the risk often has a mutation that produces galectin-2. This compound is a protein, which is responsible for the inflammatory response of the vascular bed. This causes more frequent heart attacks.