As soon as the rainy autumn replaces Sunny summer many start to hurt. One of the most frequent colds flu is. I'm sure many are familiar with it, but how to deal with it and what it represents, you know a few of us.
In fact, the flu is a viral infection in severe form, which affects people of all ages and irrespective of gender. The distinguishing features of this acute disease is a sharp toxicosis, rhinitis, nasal congestion and cough with further lesions of the bronchi.
Any disease, if left untreated or follow the wrong treatment can lead to serious complications, especially if we are talking about serious infectious disease such as influenza. The adverse outcome may reflect the following characteristics: neurotoxicosis in a pronounced form, laryngotracheitis fibrinous necrotic nature, hemorrhagic diathesis (in the most severe cases, there may be pulmonary edema, and hemorrhage in the brain).
The flu can cause three viruses a, b and C. they are All independent antigenic.
The virus causes disease in strong and medium form of gravity. It can affect both human and animal. It is the virus of this form causes severe epidemics and pandemics.
The virus does not cause pandemics and is often the cause local epidemics and outbreaks, which sometimes can span several countries. Outbreak of this form can be predecessors of the influenza a virus, and sometimes coincide with it. The virus infects only humans and most often it is a child.
The virus today, almost not studied. It is known that it affects the person. Epidemics he does not, no major complications causes. Symptoms practically does not occur. Most often, the virus With the same epidemic of influenza A.
Based on the above data it can be 3 forms of influenza:
- light (corresponding to influenza virus);
- moderate (influenza virus b,a);
- heavy or gipertoksicheskaya (influenza a).
Each form of their flu symptoms. In the mild form there is a slight increase in body temperature (not above 38ºС), infectious toxicosis either absent or weakly expressed. When the disease is moderate, the body temperature rises to 39.5 ° C and appear following pronounced symptoms: General weakness, pain in muscles and joints, increased sweating, headaches, painful cough, runny nose, pain and dryness in the throat, hyperemia. When the influenza join other infection, you may feel pain in the abdomen, diarrhea - in this case we speak of "stomach flu". Influenza occurring in severe form, usually accompanied by high body temperature (40-40,5 ºC), hallucinations, vomiting, seizures, and in rare cases may occur nosebleeds.
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Each disease has its own nuances and features, so it is important to comply with all measures prescribed by the doctor, among which are the place to be and the following contraindications:
- patient in any case should not self-medicate (especially children and elderly);
- no self-admission antibiotic drugs, because an uninformed approach to the selection of the drug can lead to allergies, dysbiosis and further complication of the disease;
- shaking hands as far as possible, should be avoided as through the hands of the virus can easily go to a healthy person;
- during the course of the disease should abandon trips to visit, and try to visit the less public areas, especially in the toilets.
It is important as soon as possible to consult a doctor and start the treatment. Usually the treatment is as follows.
General therapy. Patients in either case, provide abundant hot drink (tea, fruit drinks), also appoint parazitologiia drugs and Antigrippin (follow the dosage that is appropriate to the age of the patient). Additionally requires administration of mucolytic drugs (they liquefies phlegm and promote its better discharge, such as tincture of licorice root, mukaltin, infusion of marshmallow and others). If the patient suffers from paroxysmal cough him appoint pertussin, with a dry cough - bronholitin (or its analogues), painful cough - liexin, prolonged cough, sage, anise fruit, chest collection, oregano, licorice root, if the cough occurs and night - appointed dextromethorphan.
Much nearer the time of recovery inhalation on infusions of chamomile, sage, calendula, peppermint, St. John's wort, rosemary, pine buds, and others. Necessarily prescribe a complex of vitamins and antiallergenic drugs (suprastin or tavegil).
In medium and heavy forms prescribed rimantadine and immunoglobulin according to the instructions.
Regardless of the form and severity of the disease designate human leukocyte interferon.
To treat the patient should be in a special chamber.
Among the serious complications include purulent otitis and laryngotracheobronchitis, catarrhal otitis, inflammation of sinusitis (sinus), pneumonia (focal or segmental). It should be noted that the above-mentioned complications occur as a result of joint "work" bacteria and influenza. Among the complications of neurological nature can be meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis, a rare neuritis and polyradiculoneuritis.
In order to not get the flu, you must first time to get the vaccine. In addition, it is often necessary to ventilate the room. If you have to be surrounded by sick human influenza, it is necessary:
- immediately start taking antivirals;
- lubricate the nasal passage protective means (for example, oksolinovoj ointment);
- use disposable gauze mask;
- be sure to observe personal hygiene.
It is known that every year the flu virus affects about 10% of the population of Russia, i.e., approximately every tenth fell ill with flu. It should be noted that according to the who flu has killed more people than the First world war.
Many people confuse the disease SARS influenza. Midwest results in simple tables with symptoms of disease.
We are confident that you will help this detailed description of the flu. But still, not self-medicate and be sure to contact your doctor. It is better to be sick "right" than to treat long!