Fiber protects adolescents from diabetes and cardiovascular disease

Teenagers in the diet which contains lots of vegetables and whole grains - natural fiber have a lower risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. This is the conclusion of the American dietetic who conducted the study.

"We know that most teenagers consume a lot of saturated fat and TRANS fat, which increases bad cholesterol, all this power, it is desirable to replace it with a diet rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains," said Joe Carlson of the University's power state of Michigan.

The researchers studied the diets of more than 2,000 American adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. Scientists monitorrole basic parameters characteristic of the metabolic syndrome: high blood pressure, blood sugar level and cholesterol, waist circumference, and weight. In 6 percent of the adolescents were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.

Dividing the children into groups according to the amount of consumption of fiber, doctors have identified a clear pattern of decreasing risk with the consumption of fiber to about 11 grams per 1,000 calories. The results showed that in the group of adolescents, whose diet is less than 3 grams per 1,000 calories fiber 9 percent with metabolic syndrome, whereas in the group with adequate fiber intake is only about 3 percent.

Joe Carlson said that "the metabolic syndrome in adolescence is a marker of high risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes in adulthood is a kind of warning.

America's 26 million people have diabetes and more than 600 000 people yearly dying from cardiovascular disease, it is urgent to modify lifestyle and nutrition in the country.

Source: American journal of nutrition, November 2011

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