Emphysema lung tissue belongs to the category of chronic diseases of the lungs, accompanied by an increase in lightness and a violation of the processes of gas exchange. The most frequent causes of this pathological syndrome are long current bronchitis, asthma and other chronic lung diseases, tuberculosis, adverse heredity, excessive Smoking, contact with harmful for breathing substances, for example, increased dustiness of the air. In rare cases, emphysema can be primary.
Symptoms of pulmonary emphysema
In the initial stages characteristic of epidemy light is shortness of breath during physical exertion, the intensity of which increases with progression of the underlying disease. Gradually, the patient begins to experience shortness of breath even at rest.
Another symptom is cyanosis of the mucous membranes and skin. He becomes visible, usually at later stages of the disease and appears bluish tint of the lips, tongue, nails, legs.
On examination, the patient with emphysema is marked bulging of the intercostal and supraclavicular regions, as well as the characteristic barrel-shaped chest.
Methods of treatment of emphysema
It is no secret that any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. It is therefore very important, as early as possible to heal all acute diseases of the pulmonary system. This question does not need to rely on home and folk remedies, and promptly seek professional medical help. A complete rejection of such bad habits as Smoking is also very important for the prevention of serious disease, such as emphysema.
Tactics of treatment of the disease includes the following activities:
- breathing exercises;
- inhalation of oxygen-air mixtures;
treatment of the underlying disease with the use of the entire spectrum of existing drugs - broncholytic, expectorant, tonic, anti-inflammatory, and, if necessary, and antibiotics.
In the most severe cases is surgery.