Eczema is a condition which manifests itself in different parts of the skin (most often on the face, head, or in the creases of the arms and legs). Eczema is characterized by redness, itching and inflammation. There are several types of eczema, the most common being atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.
Symptoms of eczema
Eczema, depending on the stage, represented by the following symptoms:
- at the initial stage appear small bubbles or small cracks in the skin;
then the skin becomes red, itchy;
in severe cases, may result in exudate (discharge);
in the chronic stage may cause dryness, flaking and painful cracks on the surface of the skin.
The causes of eczema
Atopic dermatitis is due to genetic reasons and is usually hereditary disease, while contact dermatitis caused by skin contact with various chemicals, such as detergents (dishwashing soap, powder) and various industrial products (perfumes, nail Polish, rubber, metals, cosmetics, medicines).
The treatment of eczema
Treating eczema on the hands and other parts of the body can be treated with the use of hormonal creams and ointments, antihistamines, in rare cases with antibiotics. Atopic dermatitis can be weakened after seven years, however, this does not mean that he is cured, or that it will not appear in some time again. Contact dermatitis may be cured, but it is important to begin treatment and prevent the disease transition in the chronic form.
Prevention of eczema
Adhering to certain rules, it is possible to prevent contact dermatitis or decrease the manifestation of atopic dermatitis. To do this, you can do the following:
- use gloves when contact with detergents;
- use mild detergent;
- if possible, avoid contact with chemicals that may aggravate the problem;
- give preference to tissues that do not irritate the skin;
- keep clean baby toys, sheets and diapers;
- avoid or limit the consumption of foods that may aggravate the problem (chocolate, citrus fruits, dairy products);
- regularly use a moisturizer.