Dyspepsia is a collective medical term that encompasses various types of disorders of human digestion and gastrointestinal activity of the General and specific etiology. There are many classifications of this disease. Below, presents one of the most common, which is based on the root causes of such diseases as functional dyspepsia.
Types of dyspepsia
1. Dyspepsia, caused by the excessive secretion of secretion of hydrochloric acid in the digestive tract. In the absence of timely therapy can provoke the onset of gastric ulcer.
2. A radical change of diet. Often one of the reasons for acclimatization.
3. Therapy with strong drugs (primarily talking about antibiotic tools).
4. Dyspepsia neurotic character. Often triggered by stressful conditions. The most common symptoms is nausea and vomiting.
5. Dyspepsia due to lowered immunity in the face of infectious and viral diseases. A striking example may be the flu.
This list is not complete, as there are many reasons that can lead to the emergence and development of dyspepsia. Above were the most common and frequently encountered in medical practice. The same approach will be used in the section "symptoms of dyspepsia", as the final diagnosis can be put only by a qualified specialist on the basis of laboratory tests. It should be noted that in medicine is used such terms as organic dyspepsia. However, the latter is not a disease, but a symptom of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: ulcers, gastritis, pathological changes in the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines and so on.
Common symptoms of dyspepsia
1. Localization of pain and discomfort in the epigastric area.
2. Quick satiety during meal and the feeling of overcrowding stomach.
3. Nausea and vomiting.
4. In the epigastric region, there may be a swelling diagnosed by visual inspection or palpation.
In the presence of one or more symptoms should immediately consult a doctor, in order to avoid more complex in the treatment of diseases.
The General scheme of treatment of dyspepsia
In the treatment of dyspepsia in most cases use a comprehensive approach that is based on two main principles:
1. Non-drug therapy. Designed to optimize the way of life. First of all it relates to nutrition.
2. Medical therapy. Assigned at the discretion of the physician and depends on the root cause of the occurrence of dyspepsia. The most frequent are the following groups of drugs: prokinetic (stimulate the stomach), antisecretory funds (normalize the production of acid secretion), antacids (active against hydrochloric acid). In the case of a specific disease and the presence of concomitant diseases designate additional compatible products.
All information is provided for reference and can be used in practice, only after consultation with a qualified professional.