Diseases of the veins of the lower extremities - causes, symptoms and treatment

In modern medicine, an important place is occupied by the section of cardiovascular surgery - phlebology, studying the physiology and pathology of blood circulation, questions on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of venous disease.

Suffer from diseases of the veins of the young, working-age (25 to 50 years), men and women get sick more often than men. If treatment is not received in a timely manner, the consequences can not only lead to disability and death.

Reasons

- genetic predisposition

- strong physical activity

- sedentary lifestyle

- pregnancy

- hormonal failure

- obesity

- increased intra-abdominal pressure

All this may provoke a breach of the cardiovascular system, which leads to venous disease of the lower extremities with subsequent complications.

The most common disease, according to statistics considered varicose veins, the progression of this disease entails chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), venous stasis ulcers, thrombophlebitis, deep vein thrombosis, postthrombotic disease.

Symptoms

- changes from subcutaneous veins in the form of "bumps" and extensions

- the appearance of spider veins and nodules, seals

- edema of the lower extremities, accompanied by fatigue when walking

- periodic seizures or unpleasant feeling "running shivers"

We should not forget that only timely access to a physician phlebology entails effective treatment and a quick recovery.

Diagnosis of diseases of the veins of the lower extremities in most cases is an ultrasound scan or Doppler.

The treatment is given depending on the diagnostic results. It can be conservative (medicinal and compression therapy), without surgical intervention (laser coagulation or sclerotherapy), as well as online. Modern treatment methods help to minimize the appearance of postoperative complications, as well as to reduce the period of rehabilitation.

Prevention

To prevent diseases of the veins of the lower extremities can adhering to the basic rules, namely

to avoid excessive load on the legs

to wear not compressing the limb clothing

try to sit less, but to move more

drink up to 2 litres of fluid per day

harmful frequent saunas, baths, hot tubs

to strengthen the leg muscles (massage, physiotherapy)

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