Nephropathy is a kidney disease that is characterized by the violation of their functioning. Diabetes develop nephropathy is associated with damage to the renal vessels. It is worth noting that in our time the disease is a leading cause of death from diabetes.
The damage of the vascular component of the kidneys is due to hyperglycemia and high blood pressure. These conditions interfere with the normal execution of their kidney function. As a result, urine is observed, the definition of substances which, in normal renal system are not highlighted. It is, for example, protein.
This complication of diabetes is dangerous because it is characterized by a slow and gradual development. The disease for a long time is oligosymptomatic character and remains unrecognized. This is explained by the absence of complaints to the patient's discomfort. And only expressed the stage of the disease begin to show themselves.
Notes intoxication products of nitrogen metabolism. Unfortunately, in such cases, it is not always possible to provide patient care. The following symptoms of diabetic nephropathy:
1. Swollen hands, ankles and forever.
2. The shortness of breath during physical activity.
3. Rapid fatigue.
4. Sleep disturbance.
5. Decreased appetite.
6. Diarrhoeal disorders.
It is worth noting that the appearance of these signs is reason to consult with your doctor.
The main task of the doctor and patient is a timely diagnosis of the disease and proper treatment of this complication of diabetes. Detection of diabetic nephropathy is possible already at the initial stages of the disease. You must carry out regular testing of urine. Thus it is necessary to pay special attention to indicators such as microalbuminuria, microconcentration protein products in urine, creatinine and urea. Patients suffering from diabetes type must have the analysis every six months. Patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes take this survey once a year. It is necessary to identify early nephropathy long before the onset of clinical symptoms and prevent its progression. Currently conducting such analyses possible in most laboratories. You can also use different methods of rapid diagnosis of microalbuminuria. We are talking about test strips, absorbent tablets, etc. the Use of these methods facilitates the rapid and accurate detection of small concentrations of albumin in urine.
If a single urine analysis reveals the level of albumin >20 mg/l, envisages a study of daily diuresis. This analysis provides a determination of the amount of allocated urine and loss of protein in 24 hours. Remember that identified in a patient with persistent microalbuminuria is testimony to the fast development of severe stage of nephropathy.
First of all, the treatment of the disease consists of compensation of diabetes mellitus. High blood pressure provides for its normalization. To this end appointed antihypertensive drugs. In some cases, the doctor responsible for the appointment of a special diet with a minimal amount of protein.
To prevent the development of diabetic nephropathy is necessary to monitor the level of blood pressure, stop Smoking, and maintain normal blood sugar levels.