A recent study found that the occurrence of type II diabetes may be related to the low level of hormones sleep". One such hormone is melatonin, which regulates the human biological rhythms and sleep. The synthesis of the mentioned hormone occurs after 5 hours after the person has fallen asleep. Its output is terminated in the course of the day. Thus, sleep disorders and a long exposure to daylight can cause impaired production of melatonin. The deficit mentioned hormone in turn leads to diabetes. Prior to this it was believed that diabetes is caused by a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and old age.
A new American study has shown there is a direct interconnection between melatonin and diabetes. Of those women, the levels of the sleep hormone which was lowered, the risk of type II diabetes has increased in 2 times in comparison with those women, the body deficiency of melatonin were observed. However, experts from the Boston clinic Brigham has so far failed to establish how the failure melatonin triggers diabetes. They assume that it is connected with development of insulin because the melatonin receptors located throughout the body, including the cells of the pancreas, which produce insulin. This phenomenon disrupts glucose metabolism, and leads to disruption of metabolism in the body. Insulin is a hormone that converts glucose into energy.