Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye - conjunctivitis is one of the most frequent causes of treatment patients to an ophthalmologist. Disease develops as an allergic reaction, the manifestation of infection or irritation of the eye chemically active substances.
Causes and symptoms
Causes of inflammation of eyes and cause separation of the disease on varieties:
1. Allergic conjunctivitis - reaction to pollen, animal dander, house dust, if incorrect wearing lenses or as one of the components of seasonal rhinitis, bronchial asthma, hay fever, dermatitis. The manifestations of this disease in both eyes with swelling of the eyelids, itching and watery eyes.
2. Viral conjunctivitis is caused by viral respiratory infections, herpes virus or adenovirus. The symptoms are the same as for allergies, but adds redness of the eyes, and usually attacked first one eye and then the second.
3. Bacterial conjunctivitis appears as a result of penetration into the body of fees, strepto-and staphylococci. Here are all of the above symptoms, and there are purulent discharge.
4. There is also conjunctivitis resulting from the use of cosmetics low quality or the expiration date, after contact with mucous membranes of the eyes of chemicals on the background of chronic illnesses or weakened immune system.
Diagnosed conjunctivitis ophthalmology visual inspection and if necessary taking a swab or scraping from the mucous membrane of the eye. This is a necessary procedure to determine the type of pathogen - a microorganism that affects the decision of how to treat conjunctivitis and what lekarstvennye means you want to assign.
If this disease is allergic in nature, it is recommended, at least at the time of treatment to limit the contact of the patient with him. For the treatment of any type of conjunctivitis apply eye drops and ointments, medicines for oral use.
Whatever type of conjunctivitis, and in what would be a mild form of the disease is not passed, the doctor's consultation and treatment is required because of the complications of this disease can lead to keratitis - loss of vision.
Often conjunctivitis is a disease of dirty hands, because the best way not to get sick - often to wash hands with soap and water, do not use a common towel even within the same family, try not to touch once again to the eyes and face, apply disposable handkerchiefs, avoid contact with allergens.