Common diseases of the bronchi and their treatment

There are various diseases of the bronchi, so it is very important to determine what kind of disease you have. The article describes common diseases and their simponi, as well as the direction of treatment.

Bronchial asthma

Typical symptoms of this disease are characterized by attacks of breathlessness resulting from sudden shortness of breath, wheezing when breathing and coughing. To ease your state of breathing of the patient is forced to take a sitting position and to perform an emphasis on hands. The attacks usually become more frequent in chronic bronchial diseases, and acute respiratory infections.

Treatment

To stop the attack usually use drugs such as salbutamol, ventolin, Berotec and berodual. To reduce inflammation in the bronchi - tailed, Intal and zaditen. For conducting inhalation drugs such as becotide or beclomet and tablets prednisolone or polcortolon.

Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is an acute illness that occurs due to the spread of inflammation in the mucous membrane of the bronchi. Onset is usually accompanied by General malaise, runny nose, headache, dry cough and fever. In rare cases intoxication.

Treatment

Keep in bed. It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids and to perform inhalation. Used multivitamins and expectorants charges of herbs: the mother-and-stepmother, thyme, plantain, rosemary, thermopsis, and others. Usually the doctor prescribes antibiotics.

Chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is a chronic form of inflammation of the bronchi, which is accompanied by long periods of not passing cough and phlegm.

In the period of exacerbation of the disease is marked fever, chills, weakness and sweating.

Treatment

Commonly used expectorant cough remedies such as: infusions of rosemary, thyme, mother-and-stepmother, plantain, thermopsis.

perform inhalation. Very useful breathing exercises and massage. Also, the doctor may prescribe bronchodilatory and antibacterial agents.

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is a disease of the respiratory system, which are characterized by the deformation and expansion of the bronchi, resulting in the development of chronic suppurative processes.

In acute disease symptoms are increase in temperature with chills, persistent cough and allocate a large amount of sputum.

Treatment

In the period of exacerbation of the disease need treatment in hospital. In remission commonly used expectorant drugs, drainage exercises, inhalation and breathing exercises. Also recommended medical treatment.

Bronchopneumonia

Pneumonia is an acute infection affecting the mucous membrane of the bronchi and alveoli of the lungs.

Patient's deteriorating condition, the temperature rises, there weakness and fatigue. Coughing can be allocated a small amount of blood. Possible severe headaches and state of delirium.

Treatment

Pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. Also the patient should drink plenty of fluids.

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