Chronic prostatitis: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods

Chronic prostatitis is a disease of the urogenital apparatus, associated with inflammation of the tissues of the prostate, passed into a neglected stage. In chronic stage of prostatitis, infection of the tissue ceases to function properly and irrevocably changed. Lachine chronic prostatitis has its own characteristics, but first consider the causes of diseases and symptoms.

Causes of

Chronic prostatitis is considered as an infectious disease. The infection gets into the prostate, up the urethra. Sometimes it can Lodge on the prostate with the blood flow to the adjacent organs (rectum(rectum), bladder).

The main cause of the disease are pathogens (Escherichia coli, tuberculosis, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus) that appear in the urogenital system, to multiply and destroy the tissue of the prostate.

Infectious process in chronic prostatitis (in contrast to acute prostatitis) slow, increase inflammation occurs gradually. Chronic prostatitis can develop even after the suppression of the infection. This occurs because of the arising of the autoimmune process, in breach of the innervation of the prostate (the immune system "attacks" on the tissues of the prostate gland).

The occurrence of chronic prostatitis is not only the presence of infection, but may be a consequence of the causes of blood stagnation in the prostate. These include:

inactive (sedentary) lifestyle;

nerazdelennaya sex life (prolonged abstinence, regular drawal as a way to control ejaculation);

tight underwear.

Also the causes of chronic prostatitis can be:

injuries of the prostate gland;

hypothermia;

infectious diseases of other organs of the genitourinary system (orchitis, urethritis, cystitis, and other);

overall reduction in body resistance (stress, poor diet, Smoking, alcohol abuse).

Symptoms

You can select the following symptoms of chronic prostatitis:

painful, frequent, difficulty urinating;

pain in the lower abdomen or in the groin;

increased urination;

pain associated with ejaculation;

premature ejaculation;

reduced or lack of erection;

mental disorders caused these symptoms.

It is important to note that because of chronic prostatitis develops slowly, the symptoms may not manifest.

Diagnosis

For diagnosis are the following procedures:

rectal examination;

microscopy of prostate secretion;

determination of the sensitivity of the seeding of prostate secretion to antibiotics

blood tests for sexually transmitted diseases;

transrectal ultrasound.

Treatments

Apply the following methods of treatment of chronic prostatitis:

Drug therapy, including the use of antibiotics, alpha-blockers, analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain, infections and inflammations.

Physiotherapy - the method is based on increasing blood circulation in the pelvic organs, which in turn increases the effect of medical treatment. The most effective method of physical therapy for chronic prostatitis is massage the prostate. A rather unpleasant procedure, the patient has to stand in knee-elbow position, the urologist intensively moves the finger in the anus, for extrusion of inflammatory secretions from the prostate gland to the outside through the urethra.

Surgical procedure - this treatment be carried out in the case when there is narrowing of the urethra, abscesses of the prostate, or when you want to remove the prostate adenoma.

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